Salvation Army

   William Booth, a former Methodist preacher, founded the Christian Mission to preach evangelical revivalism and offer material help to down-and-outs in the slums of Whitechapel in 1861. He changed its name to the Salvation Army, giving the movement its present form and character, with quasi-military ranks, uniforms and brass bands that march with banners flying. In hymn-singing, preaching and the War Cry, the Salvation Army newspaper, emphasis is laid on the Gospels and on Jesus as a personal redeemer. The Salvation Army, now an international force, always adds a practical dimension to religion by trying to relieve poverty and suffering, maintaining hostels, undertaking youth work and running a missing persons bureau. In the late 1990s the organization tried to update its image, shifting from a traditional profile to a look that might have more in common with the laid-back guitar-based appeal of street-buskers.
   See also: evangelism
   Further reading
    The Salvation Army Yearbook, London: International HQ of the Salvation Army, published annually.
   CHRISTOPHER SMITH

Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture . . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Salvation Army — Salvation Sal*va tion, n. [OE. salvacioun, sauvacion, F. salvation, fr. L. salvatio, fr. salvare to save. See {Save}.] 1. The act of saving; preservation or deliverance from destruction, danger, or great calamity. [1913 Webster] 2. (Theol.) The… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Salvation Army — (engl., spr. ßälwēsch n ārmi), s. Heilsarmee …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Salvation Army — (engl., spr. ßĕlwehsch n armĭ), s. Heilsarmee …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Salvation Army — n. an international organization on semi military lines, founded in England by William Booth in 1865 for religious and philanthropic purposes among the very poor: name adopted in 1878 Salvationist n …   English World dictionary

  • Salvation Army —    The Salvation Army is a Christian mission group with an outreach to the poor and to social outcasts. In 1865 William Booth (1828 1912), a former Methodist minister, and his wife, Catherine Booth (1829 90), opened what they called The Christian …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism

  • Salvation Army — 1. an international Christian organization founded in England in 1865 by William Booth, organized along quasi military lines and devoted chiefly to evangelism and to providing social services, esp. to the poor. 2. a retail store operated by the… …   Universalium

  • Salvation Army — Sal|va|tion Ar|my 〈[sælvɛıʃən a:(r)mı] f.; ; unz.〉 Heilsarmee [engl.] * * * Salvation Army   [sæl veɪʃən ɑːmɪ, englisch] die, , Heilsarmee.   * * * Sal|va|tion Ar|my [sæl veɪʃən ɑ:mɪ], die; [engl., aus: salvation = Erlösung, Rettung u. army =… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Salvation Army — N PROPER: the N, N n The Salvation Army is a Christian organization that aims to spread Christianity and care for the poor. Its members wear military style uniforms. ...a Salvation Army hostel …   English dictionary

  • Salvation Army — Sal.vation Army n the Salvation Army a Christian organization that tries to help poor people …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Salvation Army — noun the Salvation Army a Christian organization that tries to help poor people …   Longman dictionary of contemporary English


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